impact of african traditional religion on christianity

As in the early twentieth century period in Africa, contemporary trends relating to the relation between religion and politics in Africa often reflect not only what occurs locally, but are also connected to what takes place outside the region. People were afraid to cheat on other people. If you, western Africa, situated on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. African Traditional Religion in the singular to refer to the whole African religious phenomena, even if we are, in fact, dealing with multiplicity of theologies. The original religions of Africa “are not static”; according to Mayo, “contacts with Christian and Islamic traditions have brought about transformations and syncretism of all three” a perfect example of the triple heritage of Africa[5]. Under the influence of Christianity, education, personal responsibility, personal morality and individual freedom are all improving. African Traditional Religion in the singular to refer to the whole African religious phenomena, even if we are, in fact, dealing with multiplicity of theologies. However, as seen in the film, it is openly practiced by Christian priests and bishops. to Josephus John the Baptist died 5 years after Jesus and that the gospel writers rewrote history to fit the Jesus narrative? John Oakes Sermons in Bakersfield: John X Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind. The Bible and Christian theology have to address this foundational and dominant influence and impact upon the traditional African life. The coming of colonialism and its concomitant Christianity helps to … The belief in the impersonal (mystical) power is dominant and pervasive in traditional African religious thought. However, traditional religion shows resilience in its impact in such areas as Africans’ historical-cultural roots, self-consciousness and expectations (Mbiti 1999:257; see also Ejizu 2002:127-129). In the US, baptisms are usually private and not open in a public beach. They believe different things about life after we die on earth, they believe that different things are and are not God, and they believe different types of people are and are not prophets and priests. Christianity made its way into African culture before Islam did, with its first roots dating back to the first century. The focus is ... whether African Traditional Religion should be termed monotheistic or polytheistic. [49] [50] Jesse Mugambi claims that the Christianity taught to Africans by missionaries had a fear of syncretism, which was carried on by current African Christian leadership in an attempt to keep Christianity "pure." I seek, in this article, to contest the claim that the Christian faith, as one of the major religions in Africa, predominantly fosters negative effects (like conflicts, laziness, fear, lack of curiosity/creativity and violence), and argue that Christianity has been a contributor to progress and development and also a force for more peaceful societies in Africa and the world. Please help me out. The nature of the two classes of religions are very different from each other. Akinseye; The performative nature of African religion, Islam and Christianity / Ojuade, Jeleel Olasunkanmi Christianity has clearly not completely taken hold in Africa. If the OT prophecies of the Messiah came true, why did Jews not believe in Jesus? It is the religion which resulted from the sustaining faith held by the forebears of the present Africans, and which is being practised today in various forms and One can see when looking at world religion on a whole that Islam was no more violent than any other religion. They believe different things about life after we die on earth, they believe that different things are and are not God, and they believe different types of people are and are not prophets and priests. Thus, the advent of colonial masters led to the introduction of a new religion, Christianity, which is added to the two available religions, African traditional religion already exiting then. Okunade; Science, religion and evil: a Christian perspective / F.A. For example, in the film Man, God and Africa, the wedding ceremony at the end of the film is very similar to Christian wedding ceremonies in the US culture. Traditional Beliefs Blending The next category includes religions based on worshiping animals, the land, Religion was changed from what it would have been to Christianity today. Of course, it has not in Europe or North America as well. The beliefs and practices of the traditional religions in Africa can enrich Christian theology and spirituality." What was the history of the continent before the advent of Christianity? Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. For many Africans and Ghanaians, in particular, it is religion more than anything else that shapes their worldview and participation in social life6. ... most of the rituals and day to day religious practices centre on the ancestors, who are believed to have more impact on daily life. What is Kabbalah? Site design and hosting by Whistlepig Softworks, LLC. African traditional religions have been washed away, and especially with Christianity, they are viewed as pagan and heathen in nature. What has been the impact of Christianity in Africa, using Lagos as a case study? To understand the issue one must go back to the beginnings of anthropology in the 19th century and follow its evolution (see 19th-Century Background ). The baptism rituals in Africa are different than they are in other parts of the world. This is because African Traditional Religion is a natural religion while Islam and Christianity are salvation religions. What has been the impact of Christianity in Africa? Africa, and specifically Nigeria is subject to many problems, including corruption, greed, continued sexual immorality and violence. How did Matthew learn about the dream that Pilate's wife had? Islam has been characterized inequitably by historians and the media as a religion of violence. Your article is interesting yet it does not accurately interpret the great impact of the African Spiritual Traditions on the foundation of African American Christianity. There are many reasons why I ascribe to my traditional African religion or customs; the most obvious reason being the association of Christianity with colonisation and the impact it has had on African mentality. The traditional religious view in Igbo concept of death is that a man is dead when his soul leaves the body for the land of the dead . In African Christianity, spiritual healing and herbal medicine play a vital role in the religion. African traditional religions have been washed away, and especially with Christianity, they are viewed as pagan and heathen in nature. Abstract: The inception, evangelization and missionary activities of Christianity and Islam in The Civil Rights Movement was not withheld from the influence of religion, particularly Christianity and Islam. Nigeria has about 170 million residences which is about half of current population in United States. The traditional African religion is part of our culture and traditions and there is very little we can do about it. 1. . ?What needs were answered by Christianity?? The beliefs and practices of the traditional religions in Africa can enrich Christian theology and spirituality." Europe brought Christian ideas into Africa. Science and traditional medicine: an interactive analysis / Gabriel A. Ajadi; In the discourse of Christianity and traditional medicine / A.O. Both religions share a similar history and tradition. The Bible and Christian theology have to address this foundational and dominant influence and impact upon the traditional African life. Inter-religious relations, especially, among African Traditional Religion (ATR) worshippers, Muslims and Christians are becoming sources of social tension and violence. African Traditional Religion, Islam, and Christianity African Traditional Religion, Islam, and Christianity are three extremely different religions that have very different belief systems. Religion is elusive in nature and this makes it difficult to have one universally accepted definition of religion. Ghana. . Did Moses copy the Old Testament from other sources? 1 According to The Oxford History of Islam, what is one way Islam was spread to African societies, African Traditional Religions are still practiced today, along with Christianity and Islam. What kind of person was Pontius Pilate? There has been a notable growth in the population of Christians residing in Africa while on the other hand observance of traditional African religions has been on a decline. Is it Gnosticism? Through these religious leaders organizations, people from several Western African regions brought their religious beliefs with them. These statements await further exploration by African theologians. Shaw 1996, 235). Topic: The Impact of African Traditional Religious Beliefs and Cultural Values on Christian-Muslim Relations in Ghana from 1920 through the Present: A Case Study of Nkusukum-Ekumfi-Enyan traditional area of the Central Region. As seen in both films, African tradition and indigenous has never completely faded and probably never will. Africans. As long as there are people to uphold traditions, they will always be present in Africa. While everyone is entitled to their religion, it is the same religion which has shaped Africa's history especially with the advent of imperialism and colonialism upon which it was built. Therefore, slaves were able to quietly practice African traditions as well as be, The spread of Islam and Christianity. Source: John L. Esposito, ed., The Oxford History of Islam, Oxford University Press Cone concludes that the different social and economic backgrounds are I am not saying that converts to Christianity from African traditional beliefs practice polygamy, I am presuming your original purpose is to clarify what is acceptable and workable within Christianity for … hand with the study of the people who practise the religion. develop, Influence of Religion on the Civil Rights Movement In the film, people were being baptized at a local beach on the coast. Many Africans across the continent are becoming more open about the idea of blending of traditional African religious practices with various other religions, including Christianity and Islam. I am not an expert on Christianity in Africa, although I have visited Lagos twice. . Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Your response. How has the culture changed? Critical Analysis of the Clift Village Shopping Centre Project Management Plan, Essay on Case Study on International Joint Business Ventures. Your efforts are noteworthy but limited in perspective as it relates to the African slave religion… Muslim men of religion were peacemakers, who pleaded for those who broke the king’s laws. TRADITIONAL RELIGIOUS BELIEFS, PRACTICES AND IMPACTS OF CHRISTIANITY AMONG THE NYISHISI. It is no longer a religion in isolation of other contexts. In 1900, nine million Christians lived in Africa compared to the 380 million in 2000. One of the other areas of conflict between the traditional religion and Christianity in Igbo nation is in burial ceremonies. Baur reports that “modern Egyptian Christians...trace back the origin of their faith to the very origins of Christianity itself.”20 Christianity boomed in the North and North East Africa as early as the first and second centuries; the most progressive being the Ethiopian Christians who were able to integrate the message of Christ to their milieu and language.21 Because of their deep rooted form of Christianity … The spiritual beliefs of West African groups and Islam were both brought over by slaves, but Christianity became a new outlet for religious expression for enslaved Africans. In fact, not only is Islam not a fundamentally violent philosophy, but we can also see that many other religions normally, Nigeria is located on the western coast of Africa, surrounded by Benin, Cameroon, and Niger. If the Sabbath is holy, why do Christians worship on Sunday? Christianity has clearly not completely taken hold in Africa. If so, then is the Old Testament not reliable? Mosques, like traditional shrines, were considered sanctuaries. Before the arrival of Christianity, Islam and the other foreign religions, people were afraid to take other people's wives. One can only hope that it does. However, as seen in the film, it is openly practiced by Christian priests and bishops. As is often noted, over the last three decades of the twentieth century and into the twenty-first century, religion has generally had a considerable impact on politics in many regions of the world, not just in Africa. The traditionalist performs some ritualistic ceremonies before burying a dead person. Cape Coast Castle, Ghana what led these two men to practice their respective religions. In the Bible, polygamy is condemned and it is considered a sin. Juliet Highet/Black Star European nations decided they wanted land in the mostly unexplored continent, and they took it, without the consent of the African people. Children were afraid to … The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions.. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a supreme creator, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic and traditional African medicine. African-American's view on which way freedom could be best achieved in Of course, it has not in Europe or North America as well. W. L. Craig says that the Jews believed in a kingly Messiah would free them from Rome. Falola (3) says that not only it has large population, but also its land size is a little bigger than the size of the U.S. state of Texas. Of course, the picture is not all rosy. Christianity appealed to the people because of their unwillingness to live on and how hopeless they were to move forward in poverty. Introduction Complex systems of beliefs in the spiritual qualities of nature and at the sametime the conception of a Supreme Being are the two significant traits whichcharacterises the traditional religion of Nyishi people. People saw phenomena such as weather, disease and human fate as subject to the whims of varios gods. In present time, Christianity is actually, varying theories began to shape the Were the Jews in the first century aware that the Christians claimed they were responsible for the death of Jesus? and weaknesses in each man's philosophy and the effects they had on There was not a strong pressure for slaves convert to Christianity initially, so the cultural bonds between Africa and the enslaved remained intact (Gomez 1998: 249). Impact of Christianity in respect of Education in Nigeria Christianity, as a book religion and as an institution concerned with moral life of the black people has made a significant contribution in the introduction and continued development of formal western education in Nigeria and sub-Saharan Africa. I believe that with the advent of Christianity in parts of Africa, there has been a huge change is the amount of superstition. Time will tell whether Christian values will continue to have more influence in Africa. In the Bible, polygamy is condemned and it is considered a sin. Another was that African tradition influenced Christianity was by the practicing of polygamy by bishops and priests of a church. “Although Christianity and Islam have added distinct elements to African religions, each has been and continued to be adapted to and shaped by Africa’s indigenous religious heritage” [Ambrose Moyo, 2007:326 “Religion in. I have studied the history of Africa quite a bit, but I am not part of that culture. The whole of creation, nature and all things and objects are consumed with this impersonal power. Many say in an age of science the Bible cannot be reliable if it claims creation in just six days, given that evolution is proven. The central characteristic of African Christianity is that it is experience-based. Natural religions are indigenous and automatically a part of the person’s life, while salvation religions … I believe you will have to look at the history of the continent of Africa itself; especially sub-Saharan Africa. In other words, Nigeria has a very dense population regarding its size of land, effect on the African way of life, that in some ways were good, and in some ways bad. Copyright ® 2020 Evidence for Christianity. The African traditional Africa, and specifically Nigeria is subject to many problems, including corruption, greed, continued sexual immorality and violence. Upon examination, it is not fair to make the generalization that Islam is a religion of violence. Does God command that a man should only have one wife? The African traditional religion or voodoo has helped us a lot especially in shaping our moral standards and giving us a sense of identity. This testifies to the enduring power of indigenous religion and its ability to domesticate Christianity and Islam in modern Africa. Although there are many differences in African Christianity and Western Christianity, there are also many similarities. African Religion and its Influence on Christianity and Islam Traditional African religion has been the basis of spirituality for the people of Africa. African Traditional Religion is now widely taught in African universities, but its identity remains essentially negative: African belief that is not Christianity or Islam. The revival Both belief systems spread both rapidly and were efficient religions that brought great change for the greater good. Where were some of the areas where Christianity was found? Despite the intensity of Christian missionary effort and the thousand years of Muslim proselytising which have marked the various parts of Africa, African religions contiued to manifest vitality everywhere. People were afraid to unjustly attack and trample upon the rights of innocent people. How would this work if the universe was created? The basis of Christianity in Africa is the same as Christianity in other parts of the world, no matter how much African tradition there is. The elusive nature explains why tens and hundreds of definitions of religion litter our textbooks today. This country is known to have one of the largest populations among the African countries. Topic: The Impact of African Traditional Religious Beliefs and Cultural Values on Christian-Muslim Relations in Ghana from 1920 through the Present: A Case Study of Nkusukum-Ekumfi-Enyan traditional area of the Central Region. The author then argues that their religions are what would lead them to Time will tell whether Christian values will continue to have more influence in Africa. In Africa the traditional religions are a major source for the study of the African experience of God. Travel played an enormous role in conversion because of the missionaries, Islamic Religion Cone's last analysis of these two men is of the strengths society then and now. A less rigorous version of the pro-traditional tendency in African Christianity seeks to cushion the impact of modernity; Christianity is viewed as a buffer in the inevitable yet potentially destructive process of change (cf. There were many taboos intended to influence such superstitious beliefs. The Link between ATR and the Global Christian Community: using the Cones’ Trajectory of Black Theology. Adherents of traditional religions in sub-Saharan Africa are distributed among 43 countries and are estimated to number over 100 million.. Many of the key players such as Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X, who were devoted to the cause of justice and equality for African Americans, gained their passion from their spiritual roots. 1. In The impact of Christianity in Nigeria 1. In the film Man, God and Africa, for example, there was a traditional healer lady known as “the sangoma.” This woman was a Christian, and practiced spiritual healing and used herbal medicines to cure people with diseases. In Africa the traditional religions are a major source for the study of the African experience of God. Traditional religion was very much based on fear of the unknown and unending sacrifices, including human sacrifices, to appease the. Another was that African tradition influenced Christianity was by the practicing of polygamy by bishops and priests of a church. Current Status Of Christianity In Africa. 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