Through the life of Aristotle, one would wonder how a mere thought of philosophy could impact the way education is practiced today as we know it. Another contribution of Plato is The Academy, an institution at which students could study astronomy, biology, mathematics and politics. It is through the to and fro of argument amongst friends (or adversaries) that understanding grows (or is revealed). (The process is called anamnesis, which means un-forgetting.) It is here that we see the power of dialogue – the joint exploration of a subject – ‘knowledge will not come from teaching but from questioning’. Yet another of Plato's essential contribution to philosophy is his work on epistemology. It was a place where students would study a wide variety of subjects from various instructors. Plato’s 10 Major Contributions And Accomplishments, #1 He is credited with establishing the first university in Europe, #2 He gave us an insight into the philosophical teachings of Socrates, #3 He wrote numerous philosophical discussions which continue to be debated, A majority of Plato’s work is in the form of dialogues, which many a times, #4 He came up with the influential Theory of Forms, #5 He came up with epistemology or theory of knowledge, #6 His work Republic is regarded as a cornerstone of western philosophy, #9 He came up with the influential concept of Platonic Love, #10 He was a leading mentor of Mathematics of his time, Although Plato was not a mathematician himself, he was among the, There is a dark cave where people have been chained to a wall since birth. The Academy founded by Plato was not an abstract teaching center. Socrates is thus known through the writings of his contemporaries like Antisthenes and Aristippus or his students like Xenophon and Plato, among others. The mind and body were to be considered separate entities. First, he believed, and demonstrated, that educators must have a deep care for the well-being and future of those they work with. For Plato, education was more of the discovery of previously acquired knowledge. Plato continues to use his dialogues to explore philosophical concepts such as government, love and the soul. Education Details: One of Socrates ' contribution to education was the Socratic Method.This method is used to expose the underlying issues in the speaker and subject in classrooms and in law school. It is believed that he traveled extensively during this period, and returned 12 years later in 387 BCE. Plato's beliefs on education, however, are difficult to discern because of the intricacies of the dialogue. As a starting point you could look at one of the potted biographies: Plato briefly introduces his life and work and then provides links into his works. He set out in some detail , the shape and curriculum of an education system (with plans for its organization in The Laws). Plato believed that people have innate knowledge of things like mathematics, morals and religion. Plato advocated state controlled education and is against any form of forced learning. We see the flowering of his thought around knowledge and the Forms, the Soul (psyche and hence psychology), and political theory (see, especially, The Republic). In Republic, education is considered only second to justice for the creation of an ideal state. Although Plato was not a mathematician himself, he was among the important patrons of the subject in ancient Greece. Plato's Philosophies and Contributions to Education Three different levels of education Plato also had a philosophy about stories people tell their children. - 15 degrees off your heart (Short Story collection)
This is a model for what we now describe as lifelong education (indeed, some nineteenth century German writers described Plato’s scheme as ‘andragogy’). Many scholars accredit The Academy as the first university founded in Europe. During this era, the character of Socrates still remains a fictional vehicle to argue philosophical concepts but he starts to recede into the background. Consequently, education was something Plato would often talk about, it played a large role in the Allegory of the Cave and can be used as a topic of discussion in schools. There is a fire burning in the hall which the prisoners are ignorant of. Sometimes if a prisoner is freed, they are frightened and confused by their surroundings. In this philosophical fiction 7 characters give speeches in the praise of Eros, the god of love and desire. We use our own and third party cookies to improve your experience and our services; and to analyze your use of our website. Plato's educational philosophy was grounded in a vision of an ideal Republic wherein the individual was best served by being subordinated to a just society due to a shift in emphasis that departed from his predecessors. The prisoners perceive these shadow objects as reality because they have never seen anything else. It is the guardian class who are educated, merchants and craftsmen serve apprenticeships and slaves…. Forms are used throughout the work of Plato to explain concepts of knowledge, justice and many others. In 399 BCE, after Socrates was sentenced to death, Plato left Athens. If the appetitive component is too strong, we would have an unhealthy soul with too much greed and lust. Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. The object of education is to turn the soul towards light. The ‘middle period’ of Plato’s work is also characterised by the use of dialogues in which Socrates is the main speaker – but by this point it is generally accepted that it is Plato’s words that are being spoken. In the ideal state, matters are overseen by the guardian class – change is to be avoided (perfection having already been obtained), and slaves, and craftsmen and merchants are to know their place. He thought that every individual had different natural ability and therefore was suited to one occupation as another may be suited to something else. It is also a model of the ‘learning society’ – the polis is serviced by educators. 2 3 4 socrates influence on education › Verified 8 days ago › Get more: Socrates influence on education Detail Education Plato’s philosopher guardians then follow an educational path until they are 50. You have entered an incorrect email address! In his work Republic, Plato is said to have demonstrated this concept of the Forms in an illustration called The Allegory of the Cave. It is estimated that Plato was born in Athens, Greece around the year 428 in fifth century BCE. Early period – writings attributed to him in this period include Apology of Socrates, Euthyphro, Hippias Major and Minor, and Ion. For the Greek, a hypothesis must explain the facts; If not, another must be sought. A student of Plato’s philosophy is encouraged to approach a topic in many different ways and repeatedly question the result. However, some sources claim that Plato was a bright student who was given the best teachers of his time, at one point learning philosophy un… In his work Symposium, Plato offers insight into the philosophy of love and beauty. We see the importance of exercise and discipline, of story telling and games. All Rights Reserved. 2. Socrates is credited as being among the founders of Western Philosophical thought and is often designated as the first moral philosopher by historians. Not only does Socrates (Plato's mouthpiece in the dialogue) posit two differing visions of education (the first is the education of the warrior guardians and the second is the philosopher-kings' education), but he also provides a more subtle account of education through th… Hence, every person would know his duty and his responsibility. Greatly inspired by Pythagoras, Plato opened his academy in 387 BCE where he stressed on the subject as a way of understanding more about reality. The “reason“ of the soul or rulers or philosopher kings who are intelligent, rational, self-controlled and in love with wisdom and justice. He reasoned that the society be divided into three classes: 1. What was Socrates contribution to education? This theme of education as a rediscovery of knowledge was based on a metaphysical philosophy held by Plato about man and his soul. Historians cannot find any evidence on Plato’s early education as a child, but seeing as he belonged to an influential aristocratic family from Athens, it’s assumed that he went through the Athenian form of educationthat was oriented towards culture, arts, academics, and intelligence. Scholars typically organize Plato’s works into three different eras:-. Plato explores various viewpoints through these characters. There is a dark cave where people have been chained to a wall since birth. In these early dialogues we see the use of the so called Socratic method. He believes education should be structured in a way so that it provides people and society the positive measures needed to flourish.People will be better equipped to reach a state of fulfilment, and society will be better equipped to be the ideal, just state. Plato advocated state controlled education and is against any form of forced learning. It is said that herein lies the first seeds of what we know as Platonic Love today, a type of an emotional and spiritual companionship without sexual desire. Succinct introduction that covers a good deal of ground. One should have the love of wisdom as the next step, and finally be able to love and appreciate the divine beauty. Plato developed and improved the existing didactic techniques. One of the significant features of the dialogical (dialectic) method is that it emphasizes collective, as against solitary, activity. Plato advocated division of labor to organize productive efforts. He thought that people essentially serve their own self-interests, they organize and support each other as it seems to be in one’s self-interest. Late Period – most famous creative works of this period are Parmenides and Theaetetus. Second, there is the ‘Socratic teaching method’. The Academy was founded in 385 BCE, and, with the exception of a period of house arrest, Plato oversaw the institution until he died. According to Plato, individual justice can be obtained when each individual develops his or her ability to the fullest. In which it had a perfect Therefore the main purpose of education is help people remember inner truths. The fictional character of Socrates in the dialogues is an integral part of this period. © Mark K. Smith First published May 8, 1997, Last Updated on January 7, 2013 by infed.org, “The playground of today is the republic of tomorrow”: social reform and organized recreation in the USA, 1890-1930’s, Emmeline Pethick, Mary Neal and the development of work with young women. Plato’s Contributions It is believed that Plato, a student of Socrates, was one of the greatest contributors of philosophy. Plato also contributed to the idea of structured stages of education (for example, having an elementary school, and then a higher school). If you continue to use this site we will assume that you accept their use. 10 Most Famous Paintings of Flowers By Renowned Artists, 10 Interesting Facts About Hadrian’s Wall, 10 Major Accomplishments of John F. Kennedy, 10 Major Accomplishments of Abraham Lincoln, 10 Major Accomplishments of Nelson Mandela, 10 Major Accomplishments of George Washington, 10 Most Famous Paintings by Pablo Picasso, 10 Most Famous Paintings by Vincent Van Gogh, 10 Major Events of the French Revolution and their Dates, 10 Major Accomplishments of Albert Einstein, 10 Most Famous Modern Art Artists And Their Masterpieces, 10 Major Achievements of Ashoka the Great, 10 Major Accomplishments of Michelle Obama. Through education can an individual realize his true function in society than men, but establishes that role. Shadow objects as reality because they have never seen anything else model for development. For future artisans, auxiliaries, and finally be able to love and the soul own and third party to. 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