These are cold storages where seeds are kept under controlled temperature and humidity for storage and this is easiest way to store the germ plasma of plants at low temperature. For protecting … In-situ conservation provides the required green cover and its associated benefits to our environment. In India following types of natural habitats are being maintained: INDIA has over 600 protected areas, which includes over 90 national parks, over 500 animal sanctuaries and 15 biosphere reserves. Conserv. In: Maxted N, Ford-Lloyd B V, Hawkes G (eds) Plant Genet. Such strategies include establishment of botanical gardens, zoos, conservation strands and gene, pollen seed, seedling, tissue culture and DNA banks. Ex-Situ Conservation Strategies: Such strategies include establishment of botanical gardens, zoos, conservation strands and gene, pollen, seed, seedling, tissue culture and DNA banks. T.N. Use of Terms. zoos, seed banks, captive breeding), the notion of in-situ conservation covers a broad spectrum of situations ranging from the establishment of a protected area to the design of a sustainable management strategy for a particular habitat. Some zoos have undertaken captive breeding programmes. 4. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada, Heywood VH, Dulloo ME (2005) In situ conservation of wild plant species a critical global review of good practices. In-situ management approaches can either be targeted at populations of selected species (species-centred approaches), or whole ecosystems (ecosystem-based approaches) 2. In this type of conservation the threatened animals and plants are taken out from their natural habitat and placed in a special area or location where they can be protected and given special care. The main functions of biodiversity reserves are: To ensure the conservation of ecosystem, species and genetic resources. The in-situ conservation has several advantages. To continue the momentum for plant conservation, the second phase of the GSPC was implemented for the period 2011–2020. Difference between In-Situ and Ex-Situ conservation. Advantages of in-situ conservation: 1. The flora and fauna live in natural habitats without human interference. Its conservation embraces maintenance, sustainable utilization, and restoration, of the lost and degraded biodiversity through two basic and complementary strategies called in situ and ex situ . That's why protected areas form a central element of any national strategy to conserve … In zoos wild animals are maintained in captivity and conservation of wild animals (rare, endangered species). A VARIOUS BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION STRATEGIES Jaydeep Purohit*1, Er. 3. Subject:Environmental Sciences Paper: Biodiversity and conservation. In situ and ex situ biodiversity conservation (Dullo, 2010) Difference between in situ and ex situ conservation 1) Definition of in situ and ex situ conservation. What is In-situ Conservation? The process of protecting an endangered plant or animal species in its natural habitat is commonly known as in situ conservation. The in-situ concept is best understood in contrast to ex-situ conservation. alternatively, ex situ conservation measures includes botanical gardens, preservation plots, gene banks, arboretums, etc. It is less expensive and easy to manage. For instance, it was shown that the protection of Indonesian coral reefs could be enhanced through the implementation of a management plan which included a cycle of open and closed harvesting of reef resources within prescribed locations 7. Conserving biodiversity outside the areas where they naturally occur is known as ex situ conservation. 3. Version 1. International Plan Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy, Cinner J, Marnane MJ, Mcclanahan TR, Almany GR (2006) Periodic Closures as Adaptive Coral Reef Management in the Indo- Pacific. 15. The conservation of biodiversity is achieved by two approaches – in situ and ex situ. Box 272, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia. Seeds preserved under controlled conditions (minus temperature) remain viable for long durations of time. The life cycles of the organisms and their evolution progresses in a natural way. Here stress is laid upon protection of total ecosystem. Seed gene banks make the easiest way to store germplasm of wild and cultivated plants at low temperature. Bio-diversity is the diversity of life on earth and it is not distributed uniformly across the globe. strategy relies on national parks and other protected areas - or unprotected areas with minimal human disturbance - to maintain the population sizes and structures necessary to protect genetic integrity in wild species or populations of wild relatives of crop plants. In situ and ex situ biodiversity conservation (Dullo, 2010) Difference between in situ and ex situ conservation 1) Definition of in situ and ex situ conservation. Humans have been directly or indirectly dependent on biodiversity for sustenance to a considerable extent. This could be a natural habitat, or an environment heavily modified by human activity. Implementation of the regulatory, legislation, management or other frameworks needed to deliver the protection of species or habitats. Conservations of Biodiversity: In-Situ Conservation and Ex-Situ Conservation! 1. T.N. In situ conservation. Table. More detailed explanations are provided for a number of key terms, to provide further background information. Also read: Biodiversity. 5. It is less expensive and easy to manage. Article 8 of theConvention on Biological Diversity (CBD) specifies in-situ conservation as the primary conservation strategy, and states that ex-situ measures should play a supportive role to reach conservation targets. Ans. Ex situ conservation literally means, "off-site conservation". The oldest zoo, the Schonbrumm zoo which exists today also, was established in VIENNA in 1759. ... conservation of biodiversity, sustainable make use of biodiversity elements and truthful as well as even-handed sharing of advantages springing up from the use of genetic resources. Ex-situ methods focus on species conservation in botanic gardens, zoos, gene banks, and captive breeding programs. In-situ conservation is one of two basic conservation strategies, alongsideex-situ conservation. The conservation of biodiversity is achieved by two approaches – in situ and ex situ. Traditionally, protected areas have been seen as the cornerstone of in-situ conservation. The botanical gardens provide beauty and calm environment. Newmark WD (2008) Isolation of African protected areas. In-situ initiatives beyond protected areas may include 2, 5: Historically, in-situ conservation was the preferred biodiversity conservation approach over ex-situ conservation 10. Ex-situ centres offer the possibilities of observing wild animals, which is otherwise not possible. Situ Approach. (iii )Biosphere reserves, national parks and sanctuaries (iv) Sacred groves. Currently, in-situ conservation of biodiversity in Sri Lanka heavily depends on the command and control methods. When we conserve and protect the whole ecosystem, its biodiversity at all levels is protected.E.g. Currently, in-situ conservation of biodiversity in Sri Lanka heavily depends on the command and control methods. A botanical garden is a place where flowers, fruits and vegetables are grown. It is the conservation and protection of genetic resources of plant and animal species in their natural habitats itself. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Ex situ Conservation. Biodiversity Conservation: Strategy # 2. monitoring of, Control of threats to biodiversity such as, Preservation and maintenance of traditional knowledge and practices; and. 5. Describe at least two approaches each for ex-situ conservation and in situ conservation as a strategy for biodiversity conservation. For example, the Gangetic gharial has been reintroduced in the rivers of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan where it had become extinct. The factors responsible for the cause of changes in biodiversity are: Pollution; Invasive species; Overexploitation; Change in the climatic conditions; We all need to conserve biodiversity, as it leads to the conservation of essential ecological diversity to preserve the continuity of food chains. In this method, the natural ecosystem is maintained and protected. Botanical gardens, and zoos are the most conventional methods of Ex-situ conservation. It doesn’t require species to adjust to a new habitat. In situ conservation. 2. Here, animals and plants are reared or cultivated in areas like zoological or botanical parks. In-situ conservation provides the required green cover and its associated benefits to our environment. 5 I. Little or no management. population growth. Conservation is the protection, preservation, management, or restoration of wildlife and natural resources such as forests and water. Boundaries of sanctuaries are not well defined and controlled biotic interference is permitted, e.g., tourist activity. Seedbanks, botanical, horti… 3. Some research and educational activities are permitted here. Zoological parks, botanical gardens and wildlife safari parks serve this purpose. biodiversity conservation. It means the conservation of biological diversity outside their natural areas This is the newest application of technology for preservation of biotic parts. We all need to conserve biodiversity, as it leads to the conservation of essential ecological diversity to preserve the continuity of food chains. Bull. When a species on which an animal is dependent becomes rare. It is applied to conservation of agricultural biodiversity in agro forestry by farmers, especially those using unconventional farming practices. In order to ensure the maintenance of biodiversity, there is a need to employ complementary in situ and ex situ conservation. A sanctuary is a protected area which is reserved for the conservation of only animals and human activities like harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and private ownership rights are allowed as long as they do not interfere with well-being of animals. In situ and ex situ conservation: Complementary approaches for maintaining biodiversity Haileab Zegeye Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Computational Sciences, Debre Tabor University, P. O. Table. Prohibited Content 3. to enable a species population to self-replicate and maintain its potential for continued evolution 3. The socioeconomic and political context around a threatened habitat may prevent the establishment or success of a protected area, and the development of alternative in-situ conservation management approaches may prove more useful in these situations. It preserves species as well as their natural habitat. Biodiversity Strategy Action Plans. Describe at least two approaches each for ex-situ conservation and in situ conservation as a strategy for biodiversity conservation. 11:URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss1/a, Moreira PMRM, Pego SE, Patto M C V (2009) On-farm Conservation Portugal- Vaso Project- a Long-term Conservation Programme. It is economic and a convenient method of conservation. In particular, the CBD specifies that ex-situ facilities and techniques should predominantly be implemented for the purpose of complementing and supporting in-situ measures 11. In situ conservation : (i) Identification and maximum protection of ‘hot spots’ (ii) Legal protection to ecologically rich areas. Conservations of Biodiversity: In-Situ Conservation and Ex-Situ Conservation! Is considered the most conventional methods of ex-situ initiatives leaves little room for ambiguity ( e.g organisms and their progresses. 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