Uncertainty is all around us; we can't expect certainty. In November 2019, after reports of a large-scale financial scam, Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd (DHFL) became the first non-banking financial company to be referred to the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) for insolvency proceedings. This is the idea of probability: a higher probability expresses a higher degree of certainty that something will happen. 22. ... As a result of these considerations we may arrive at the date of the work with almost greater certainty than that of any other New Testament book. The reflection effect (as well as the certainty effect) is inconsistent with the expected utility hypothesis. A condition of certainty exists when the decision-maker knows with reasonable certainty what the alternatives are, what conditions are associated with each alternative, and the outcome of each alternative. Individual characteristics are properties of evidence that can be attributed to a common source with an extremely high degree of certainty. References help determine certainty or doubt. Climate data or model projections in which we have "very high confidence" have at least a 9 out of 10 chance of being correct. 0. When posed the same problem, but for losses, most people prefer an 80% chance of a loss of 4,000 to a certain loss of 3,000. Degrees of certainty in the present and past Grammar expert Betty Azar explains that these modals tell us how sure speakers are about what they are saying. If your references do not create a high degree of certainty, you have the ability to re-think what you think you know, to find new more empowering references, to achieve whatever you are committed to achieving. Decision-making under Certainty: . Historically, the phrase “to a reasonable degree of scientific certainty” first appears on the record in the 1935 case of Herbst v. Levy , where the attorney in the case attempts to give credence to the witness’ testimony regarding evidence of certain events. For example, the certainty of the conjunction A ∧ B is given by some function (e.g., the minimum or the product) of the certainty measures assigned to A and B individually. 21. 0. For example, most people prefer a certain gain of 3,000 to an 80% chance of a gain of 4,000. that the greater the burden of proof, the greater the required certainty of ... for example, scientific quan­ ... examination your opinion does not reach the required degree of certainty. A … How to use certainty in a sentence. A "very likely" outcome, for example, is one that has a greater than 90 percent chance of occurring. Sentences ... and the greatest possible degree of certainty arrived at ?" If you do these things, you may find that you have a greater sense of certainty in the present and the future, regardless of the chaos that surrounds you. 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