A superb read which covers his whole life from ensign on the china station through to his command of the big blue fleet in the second world war. Nimitz was responsible for the victories at Midway and Okinawa among others. Chester W. Nimitz, (born Feb. 24, 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, U.S.—died Feb. 20, 1966, near San Francisco), commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. Synopsis Born in Texas in 1885, Chester W. Nimitz served in World War I as chief of staff to the commander of the U.S. Atlantic submarine force. In 1947, in answer to interrogatories by the German Adm. Karl Dönitz, on trial for war crimes, Nimitz gave his justification for the unrestricted nature of U.S. submarine warfare in the Pacific during World War II. USS Nimitz (CVN-68) is a supercarrier of the United States Navy, and the lead ship of her class.One of the largest warships in the world, she was laid down, launched, and commissioned as CVAN-68, "aircraft carrier, attack, nuclear powered", but she was later redesignated as CVN-68, "aircraft carrier, multi-mission, nuclear-powered", on 30 June 1975, as part of a fleet-wide realignment that year. W.H. After WWII, he served as chief of naval operation. He was the son of U.S. Navy Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. He was raised by his mother and grandfather Charles Henry Nimitz, who … Mini Bio (1) Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA as Chester William Nimitz. Chester William Nimitz (Fredericksburg (Texas), 24 de febrer de 1885 - 20 de febrer de 1966) va ser Comandant en Cap de la Flota del Pacífic de les Forces Navals estatunidenques, així com el Comandant en Cap de totes les forces Aliades al Teatre del Pacífic durant la Segona Guerra Mundial.Fou almirall de la Flota de la Marina dels Estats Units i rebé la Gran Creu de l'Orde del Bany. The navy under Admiral Chester Nimitz moved up the Marshall and Mariana chains to bring U.S. bombers within range of the Japanese home islands. Born in Texas in 1885, Chester W. Nimitz served in World War I as chief of staff to the commander of the U.S. Atlantic submarine force. James L. Slayden, the local congressman, told Nimitz there was one position open at the United S… He died in 1966 on Yerba Buena Island, California. Chester Nimitz. Chester Nimitz was an admiral's Admiral, considered by many to be the greatest naval leader of the last century. His father was very sickly and died several months before Nimitz was born. I could not put the book down and that is down to how the book is written. He was born in Fredericksburg, Texas, in the United States. By June 1942 he had proudly announced the decisive victory at the Battle of Midway and the Coral Sea, where enemy losses were 10 times greater than those of the United States at Pearl Harbor. He was married to Catherine Vance Freeman. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Chester William Nimitz (Fredericksburg, Texas, 1885. február 24. Would World War II have taken a different course had Admiral Chester W. Nimitz been in charge at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, when the Japanese hammer blow … Chester William Nimitz (1885-1966), American naval officer, commanded the Pacific Fleet during World War II and played a major role in formulating and executing the strategy which led to the defeat of Japan. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA as Chester William Nimitz. Civil War veteran Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. served as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice from 1902 to 1931. He played a major role in the naval history of World War II as Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet (CinCPac), for U.S. naval forces and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CinCPOA), for U.S. and Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II. Chester William Nimitz, Sr. ( February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Potter he edited Sea Power, a Naval History (1960). Biography Peacetime commands. He was awarded the Navy Cross and three Silver Stars for valor in battle. D.W. Griffith was one of cinema's earliest directors and producers, known for his innovations and for directing the 1915 film Birth of a Nation. He was the son of U.S. Navy Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. PD. The best way to get along with ei… Nimitz Hotel Charles Henry Nimitz, German merchant sailor and grandfather of Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, was born in Bremen in Germany. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (December 1941), Nimitz was elevated to commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet, a command that brought both land and sea forces under his authority. Nimitz, a German Texan, was born the son of Anna Josephine (Henke) and Chester Bernhard Nimitz on 24 February 1885 in Fredericksburg, Texas, where his grandfather's hotel is now the Admiral Nimitz State Historic Site. A brilliant strategist, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific. Japan concluded a separate surrender ceremony with China in Nanking on September 9, 1945. The Japanese capitulation was signed aboard his flagship, the USS “Missouri,” in Tokyo Bay on Sept. 2, 1945. His father had died six months before Chester was born. Potter shows his admiration for Nimitz by showing many small incidents of the man's humanity, tactical intelligence, and quiet perseverance that let the reader conclude on his own that Nimitz was a great man. Chester William "Chet" Nimitz Jr. (February 17, 1915January 2, 2002) was an American submarine commander in the United States Navy during World War II and the Korean War, and businessman. With E.B. The man chosen for the job was Admiral Chester Nimitz. Chester W. Nimitz Biography Sailor World War II Figure United States Admiral Chester William Nimitz was the commander of the Pacific Fleet during World War II, the man who directed the U.S. victories at Midway, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 Commands 3 Later life 3.1 Death 4 Awards … He was awarded the Silver Star three times, for valor in battle. Chester W. Nimitz was commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. Biography. We strive for accuracy and fairness. From his childhood in Fredericksburg, Virginia to the moment when he signed the Japanese Surrender he had helped bring about, BIOGRAPHY chronicles the life of this fabled admiral. Chester W. Nimitz Biography page for Notable Graduates at USNA.edu. Chester William Nimitz was born on 24 February 1885, near a quaint hotel in Fredericksburg, Texas built by his grandfather, Charles Nimitz, a retired sea captain. George H.W. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Nimitz was elevated to commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet. Updated Fri Jan 10 15:18:46 EST 2020. Fleet admiral of the United States Navy. Chester W. Nimitz, Self: The Secret Land. He was significantly influenced by his German-born paternal grandfather, Charles Henry Nimitz, a former seaman in the German Merchant Marine, who taught him, "the sea - like life itself - is a stern taskmaster. His frail, rheumatic father died before Nimitz was born. Short Biography Chester William Nimitz (/ˈnɪmɪts/; February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy. In 1846, Nimitz moved to Fredericksburg with the initial settlers. He emigrated to the United States by way of South Carolina in 1844. Chester Nimitz was born on Feb. 24, 1885, in Fredricksburg, Tex. – Yerba Buena Island, Kalifornia, 1966. február 20.) Chester William Nimitz (n. 24 februarie 1885 – d. 20 februarie 1966) a fost un amiral american, unul dintre principalii comandanți militari americani din timpul celui de- Al Doilea Război Mondial. He was married to Catherine Vance Freeman. He died on February 20, 1966 in Yerba Buena Island in San Francisco Bay, California, USA. One of the navy’s foremost administrators and strategists, he commanded all land and sea forces in the central Pacific area. George W. Bush was the 43rd president of the United States. He was considered an expert on the common law. Updates? A graduate (1905) of the U.S. Chester W. Nimitz, (born Feb. 24, 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, U.S.—died Feb. 20, 1966, near San Francisco), commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II. He also went to sea before the Nimitz family immigrated to South Carolina in the early 1840s, and later became part of the Adelsverein colonization experiment in the newly annexed state of Texas. In 1944, he was promoted to fleet admiral. Chester William Nimitz, Sr., was born 24th February 1885,to Chester and Anna Nimitz. In 1939, he was appointed chief of the Bureau of Navigation of the U.S. Navy. In … Bush was the 41st President of the United States and served as vice president under Ronald Reagan. Douglas MacArthur was an American general best known for his command of Allied forces in the Pacific Theater during World War II. With this last formal surrender, World War II came to an end.…. Chester Nimitz was the Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during World War 2. Chester William Nimitz (24. února 1885, Fredericksburg, Texas, USA – 20. února 1966, ostrov Yerba Buena v Sanfranciské zátoce, Kalifornie, USA) byl americký admirál a v letech 1945–1947 i nejvyšší velitel amerického vojenského námořnictva.. Námořní akademii v Annapolisu absolvoval v roce 1905.Po službě na Filipínach byl v roce 1909 přeřazen k ponorkám. Chester W. Nimitz was born on February 24, 1885, in Fredericksburg, Texas, USA, to Chester Bernhard Nimitz and Anna Josephine. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Nimitz assembled the forces, selected the leaders, and - as commander of all U.S. and Allied air, land, and sea forces in the Pacific Ocean - led the charge one island at a time, one battle at a time, toward victory.