Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength. An error occurred trying to load this video. Visit the World History: Middle School page to learn more. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures. mandatory military service from age 7 to 60. Also a Mediterranean climate, but with more rain. 6 Compare and compare life in Athens and Sparta with an emphasis on their roles in the Persian and Peloponnese wars. < >, "Athens focused on freedom, art, and worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Athena." Again, Sparta had two aristocratic kings from Agiads and … As a result of these differences between Athens and Sparta, daily life was very different between the two city-states and because of their laws, governments and military, your quality of life in each state was very much dependant on which gender you were. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? By age 18 all boys were expected to attend military school. For Sparta, the strength of the military highly rested on the army, which was comprised of the best-trained and most mighty warriors of ancient times. a Peloponnesian League (with Sparta clearly the most powerful). While Athens’ culture was one of art, philosophy, and democracy. The Persians were defeated in 479 BCE and kicked out of Greek territories for good. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. These two city-states were very different in their daily way of life. More specifically, Sparta was different in the way that they treated their women. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek women did not have. Physical education was extremely important in Athens as well as Sparta, and sports included Archery, wrestling and swimming. Select a subject to preview related courses: In a move that clearly demonstrated their intentions, the Athenians moved the league treasury from Delos to Athens. How were direct democracy and education related in ancient Athens? imaginable degree, area of At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000, At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000, Mediterranean climate, but more dry with about 15 inches of rain per year. Sparta was mainly an agricultural land because of its inland location. By age 20 they graduated. It is common for people to confuse one for the other since both these ancient cities have made far-reaching contributions to governance, arts, culture, and military concepts. They could also own property by themselves. Slowly, Athens began dominating the League, turning it into their own empire. The Spartan military was famous for its skill and efficiency, and Spartan children trained rigorously from a young age. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Now I understand the difference between these two city-states. Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta were two of the mightiest, most prominent, and famous city-states in Ancient Greece. How Do I Use Study.com's Assign Lesson Feature? To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. It could be said that some even loved battle itself. Where they differed was that while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were democratic. Although both Athens and Sparta were powerful Greek city-states, they were very different. Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Navy was best in the Greek world. my teacher was so impressed. They could own no property apart from the family. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Athenian woman were treated quite appallingly compared to the standards of today’s women. In 490, B. Corwin explains the differences between Athens … Was Athens a direct democracy in ancient Greece? Military strength. The differences between Athens and Sparta eventually led to war between the two city-states. According to Stobaugh, the two city states used the same medium of communication that is language and also worshipped the same gods. More wealthy were taught to ride a horse. The classic works of philosophy and art from Greece are largely products of Athens, including major architectural achievements like the giant temple called the Parthenon. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Remember that when we're talking about BCE events, the year numbers get smaller as the dates get later. Sparta strategically supported Delian League rebellions against Athens and used their superior navy to win the war in 404 BCE. Life in Athens Life in Sparta-Men did what they want , Women couldn't .-Liked sports-Women had to take care of children-Men were only allowed to attend lectures-Only got a piece of clothing once a year . The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more … How different can they be? and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. While hegemon, Athens was the center of culture and intellectual development in … Athens and Sparta: Life in the cities Greek and Roman Civilization University of the People July, 2017 Abstract Life in the ancient world was not that different from todays, the political life was managed by a minority as well as the majority of the people was on the side following directions from the leading class. Test Optional Admissions: Benefiting Schools, Students, or Both? The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. In this lesson, you will explore the societies of Athens and Sparta and discover how they interacted in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars. That is why it considered itself as the protector of the Greek. How to Do Your Best on Every College Test. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Athens, located in the Attica region, had a Mediterranean climate with adequate amounts of precipitation. Modern day Sparta, which is known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt around 1834. Sparta and Athens are two city-states that clashed greatly with each other in Greece. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. Form of Government. 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