The most reliable description of the Varus battle was written by Greek author Cassius Dio. Alexander and his men blockaded their supplies from coming into their city in 333 B.C.E but could not defeat the city. Speculation is rife as to who is responsible - some point the finger at his wife, Olympias, other blame the Persians, trying to pre-empt Philip's planned expedition to Asia. pugnâ, quae inter Persas et Alexandrum fuit, nobilis: in qua sexcenta milia hominum Persarum caesa, fugataqueve sunt ab Alexandri exercitu non maiori 30. milibus peditum, et equitum milibus quatuor et quingentis. Click here to learn about Alexander the Great's military. The battle was won, and I doubt any attempt was made to try to falsify its record—not now, at any rate. Alexander would win a decisive victory at the Battle of Granicus that would allow him to literally walk through Anatolia unimpeded, claiming all the territory along the way. Alexander the Great, Man of Action, Man of Spirit by Gallimard and Harry N. Abrams Inc. Had the gallant Cleitus been a half-second later, the entire history of the world would have been different. After meeting up with Parmenio and his army again at the Hellespont, Alexander began searching for the enemy. Alexander the Great & his army of Macedonians & Greek allies fought & … It was the victory at this first battle that would give him the momentum to ultimately claim the rest of the Persian Empire. Along the way he most likely gained extra soldiers from each of the territories that submitted to him. (imagine charging alone into a group of soldiers to save your father who is getting flanked on all sides with his men and breaking them out of that surround). Philip’s 20-year-old son Alexander III (356-323) succeeded to the throne. Gallimard in his book, Alexander the Great, Man of Action, Man of Spirit, points out that the Persians placed their cavalry on the sloping banks of the Granicus River hoping this tactic would lure in Alexander’s troops. But in the end Memnon was ordered to make a stand at the Granicus River, the conflict serving as a public relations opportunity for both sides. When his father Philip had come from the Macedonian north to conquer and subdue the Greek cities, Alexander had commanded his cavalry at the age of just sixteen, and he had been present when his father had declared an interest in attacking the Persians, who had been menacing the Greeksfrom across the Aegean for almost 200 years. -333 BCE. He was anxious for a pitched battle against the Persian army • Alexander and his army set off towards the castle of the local Persian governor, or satrap. According to the histories Alexander went one by one to each of the men and listened to their stories of how they became wounded in battle. The Macedonian thrusting lance was far superior to the Persian throwing-spear. Want to learn more about how Alexander the Great's military functioned and the strategy behind why it was so successful? Scipio while very young, charged alone in the battle of Ticinus to save his father from being surrounded... his charge ability (Total War Arena) is given due to that battle as he earned himself a reputation for bravery on that day. The main reason for the victory at Granicus was credited to Alexander’s superior military strategies. In some places before Alexander arrived there would actually be small civil wars that would break out between Pro-Greek and Pro-Persian parties. Urick Wilken in his book Alexander the Great specifies that, “He made them individually display to him their wounds and relate how they had got them, and gave them a kindly ear, even when they were somewhat vainglorious.” This shows how Alexander earned the enthusiastic undying loyalty and devotion of his men. When Philip was assassinated in 336, his son wa… Start studying The Battle of Granicus. RTW Alexander: The Historical Battle of the Granicus River 334 BC - YouTube. However, his highly valued Hetairoi did lose 25 soldiers. Subsequently, Alexander attacked the Persians employing the Oblique Battle-Array strategy which he learned from his father, Philip. Tyre was an island that was though impregnable. Alexander did not charge the left wing of the enemy, which would have been the standard procedure. Alexander’s victory at Granicus showed the world and particularly the powerful Persian ruling class that the Macedonian threat was something to be taken very seriously. By this time he had already won the love of the people and, especially, his troops who would follow him into battle anywhere without hesitation and had also been rewarded for his services with a triumphalia in Rome with all attendant honors except for the parade, which was usually only reserved for a conquering emperor. 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