Each has its own characteristic vegetation, fauna, climate, and, despite the omnipresence of both the Andes and the Pacific, its own distinct topography. The far north is the only part of the country in which there is a large section of the Andean plateau. These narrow rivers have carved fertile valleys in which exuberant vegetation creates a stark contrast to the bone-dry hills. Land: Chile is divided into three general topographic regions: the lofty Andean cordillera on the east; the low coastal mountains of the west; and the fertile central valley between. The former, located most characteristically in the near north and the far north natural regions, extend with various shapes from the Andes to the ocean, creating valleys with an east-west direction. It is noted for its 867 monoliths (moais), which are huge (up to twenty meters high) and mysterious, expressionless faces sculpted of volcanic stone. The higher elevations in the interior sections are covered with shrubs and cacti of various kinds. Chile's diverse climate and small area is responsible for such a low percentage. This is located the north above Santiago, the Atacama Desert has temperatures of up to 90 °F. 756,102 km2 (291,933 sq mi) Industrial cities, such as Concepción and Talcahuano, began as colonial centers in the 1600s. Chile's Current Flag as of 2014. The best known of Chile's Pacific Islands is Easter Island (Isla de Pascua, also known by its Polynesian name of Rapa Nui), with a population of 2,800 people. Chile is situated along the Southwestern coast of South America; It is about the same distance from Egypt to Tanzania in Africa. Geography of Argentina Argentina is a huge country – the 8th largest country in the world and the 2nd largest in South America (after Brazil), covering an area of 2.7 million square kilometres. The far north (Norte Grande), which extends from the Peruvian border to about 27° south latitude, a line roughly paralleled to the Copiapó River, is extremely arid. This led for Chile to control Sea Shipping to Peru and send out an army to invade Peru on October 8, 1879. Chile is situated in southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean and a small part of the South Atlantic Ocean. All information: Geography: Climate : Population: Economy : Chile - Physical geography . The lumber industry is also important. 523-541. This trade pact aims to reduce tariffs, enforce environmental standards, and remove barrier regulations. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (33) Mexico. One of these climates is the dry climate. Exclusive economic zone: Chile's diverse physical geography means that its national treasures are extremely varied. The national forestry commission administers 32 national parks, 47 national reserves, and 13 natural monuments. In the far north, the land generally rises vertically from the ocean, sometimes to elevations well over 1,000 m (3,281 ft). Although the ocean's surface obscures this fact, most of Chile lies at the edge of a profound precipice. All kinds of berries grow in the area, some of which are exported, and freshwater farming of various species of trout and salmon has developed, with cultivators taking advantage of the abundant supply of clear running water. Lying between the two mountain ranges is the so-called Central Valley, which contains some of the richest agricultural land in the country, especially in its northern portion. The pre-Andean highlands and some of the taller and more massive mountains in the coastal range (principally the Cordillera de Nahuelbuta) still contain large tracts of old-growth forests of remarkable beauty, some of which have been set aside as national parks. Since Chile lies deep in the Southern hemisphere the seasons fall at opposite times of the year.South of Chile has cool damp climate. Can you pick the physical features of Chile? The winter months of June and July each produce on average a deluge of 410.6 mm (16.2 in). Chile : geography, maps, flag, statistics, photos and cultural information about Chile. The book's English translator renders this term as "extravagant." The Central Valley's southernmost portion is submerged in the ocean and forms the Gulf of Ancud. Physical Geography; Culture and Lifestyle; Easter Island; Sources; Size, Location and Neighbors of Chile. Environment - international agreements: total: Whether crazy or extravagant, there is little question that Chile's territorial shape is certainly among the world's most unusual. Updated January 14, 2020. It caused a tsunami that decimated several fishing villages in the south and raised or lowered sections of the coast as much as two meters. Earthquakes are common in Chile due to the country's location on the Nazca Plate and South American Plate. The Achao church is the oldest church that still stands and was built entirely without using nails. Currency: Peso From the Amazon basin in the north and west to the Brazilian Highlands in the southeast, Brazil's topography is quite diverse. Therefore, geographically, the country can be divided into many different parts. 743,812 km2 (287,187 sq mi) This collision of land and sea gives way every so often to lovely beaches of various lengths, some of them encased by the bluffs. Sitting on the Pacific Rim at 35 degrees North and 105 degrees East is the People’s Republic of China. Some sections still consist of old-growth forests, and in all seasons, but especially in the spring and summer, there are plenty of wildflowers and flowering trees. Climate Affecting Plants and Animals The climate in Cabo de Hornos, Chile consists of fairly cool temperatures throughout the year as well as consistent precipitation throughout the year coming in the form of rainfall. 97, No. The summer months average 206.1 mm (8 in), whereas the winter months average 300 mm (12 in). per month. Media in category "Geography of Chile" The following 12 files are in this category, out of 12 total. Chilean territory extends as far west as Polynesia. Area: Due to this fact, Chile’s climate has simply been divided into sections: Northern, Central, and Southern. Use of remote imagery to analyse changes in morphology and longitudinal large wood distribution in the blanco river after the 2008 chaitén volcanic eruption, southern chile. Many of Chile's distinctive animal species have been decimated as they have been pushed farther and farther into the remaining wilderness areas by human occupation of the land. [18] On the first Sunday of October, the town of Andacollo celebrates their saint with La Fiesta Chico. Since the Andes mountains are located in Chile, the land is rocky and rough. This celebration attracts as many as 500,000 people a year. strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama desert is one of world's driest regions, The distribution of population is very condensed around the capital, Santiago, where approximately 90% of the people live. Since the early 1970s, the fishing industry has also developed lots in the main ports of the area, most notably Iquique and Antofagasta. Area : 757 000 Km2: Water : 1.1 % Lands under cultivation : 5 % Wild pasture lands : 18 % Forests : 21 % Min. Territorial sea: Peruvians claim the Northern part of Chile, which is now South West of Peru. Central Chile (Chile Central), home to a majority of the population, includes the three largest metropolitan areas—Santiago, Valparaíso, and Concepción. In May 2010 Chile became the first South American member of OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). Swimming at Chile's popular beaches in the central part of the country, where the water gets no warmer than 15 °C (59 °F) in the summer. The image was taken from the Introducing Physical Geography (6th Edition) by Alan Strahler. Antarctic Treaty, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution (MARPOL 73/78), Wetlands, Whaling Its diverse landscapes and climates vary dramatically from north to south, ranging from Andean mountains and glacial lakes to Pampas grassland where its famed beef cattle graze. [15], Due to Chile's high population density in urban cities like Santiago, housing developments started developing upwards. (2015). The capital, Santiago, holds about 6 million people in just the one city. The countries of Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana share a _?_. Chile, country situated along the western seaboard of South America. English is the official language of _?_. [11] Severe earthquakes can trigger tsunamis for this country with 6,435 km of coastline. All Antarctic claims are frozen under the Antarctic treaty. Chile is situated in South America, bordered to the north by Peru, to the east by Bolivia and Argentina, to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the south by the Antarctic. In addition to physical geography, what else is a factor in defining countries' political borders? It extends from about 32° south latitude to about 37° south latitude. Chile : geography, maps, flag, statistics, photos and cultural information about Chile. Additionally, the mountainous regions have a tundra-like climate. The temperatures at sea level in Puerto Aisén average 13.6 °C (56.5 °F) in the summer months and 4.7 °C (40.5 °F) in the winter months. The region of Patagonia covers a total extension of approximately 800,000 square kilometers (310,000 sq mi), encompassing the southern cone of South America. The United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement began in 2004. The image was taken from the Introducing Physical Geography (6th Edition) by Alan Strahler. A. Guyana B. Uruguay C. Chile D. Suriname _____ 9. Chile's territorial shape is among the world's most unusual. Chile borders three countries; Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru. A. the Andes B. a tropical rain forest C. a highland plateau D. the Plata River system _____ 8. What causes the Pacific coast of Peru and Chile to have an arid climate? In certain areas, this desert does not register any rainfall at all. STUDY. Summer in Chile lasts from December through February. Most Chileans live near or on these mountains. In the northern part of the far south, there is still plenty of rainfall. The populations of these cities are: Santiago at 6,680,000, Valparaíso at 967,000 and Concepción at 857,000. The three most populated cities in Chile are Santiago, Valparaíso, and Concepción. Chile is situated in southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean and a small part of the South Atlantic Ocean. Geography. [19], The Chiloé archipelago is located in southern Chile and is home to the Churches of Chiloé. More than half of Chile's land surface is volcanic in origin. Chile has no intention of giving up any land to Bolivia, but is very open to coastal access negotiations. These animitas identify the spot where a body and soul were separated and where a soul might linger. Spell. In Valdivia, the two summer months average 16.7 °C (62.1 °F), whereas the winter months average 7.9 °C (46.2 °F). [8], Push factors for Chilean emigrants include natural disasters. The vegetation, including many ferns in the shady areas, is a lush green. The countries of Chile and Argentina share this territory, with most of Patagonia found on the Argentinean side. Environment - current issues: Atlas of the Physical and Political History of Chile (Plates, Volume 2) WDL3980.pdf 900 × … Northern Chile is home to the Atacama Desert, which has one of the lowest rainfall totals in the world. Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific. The area generally is chilly and wet and houses a combination of channels, fjords, snow-capped mountains, and islands of all shapes and sizes within a narrow space. A fantastic resource for the classroom or home, which is perfect for geographical studies. Physical Geography. Chile exhibits a variety of climates, as its geographical position is more longitudinal in nature. The northern part of the country has a desert-like and arid climate, the central part has a Mediterranean-like climate, while the south has a more oceanic climate. The rivers that descend from the Andes rush over volcanic rocks, forming numerous white-water sections and waterfalls. The Cordillera Domeyko in the north runs along the coast parallel to the Andes. Some desert countries like Egypt have a higher arable land percentage than Chile. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... Ch.9 quiz 30 Terms. Three major landform regions divide Chile: the Andes Mountains, the coast and islands, and the Central Valley. Housing availability has reduced by 50% for residents and rent for new apartments has increased, changing the average income of that location. They were cleared for agriculture but were soon exhausted of their organic matter and left to erode. Main characteristics of the physical geography of Chile are described, with emphasis on the geologic and climatic changes that affected the biome configuration since the Devonian onwards. Physical Geography. World Geo Ch 9 South America 30 Terms. [3] This is much higher than the rural average for the world that is at 50.5% access to sanitation facilities. The Andes Mts. [6] The UN data also shows live births per woman (2015-2017) averaging 1.765[7] and combined infant mortality rate for both sexes at 6.258 per 1,000 live births. During the twentieth century, Chile has been struck by twenty-eight major earthquakes, all with a force greater than 6.9 on the Richter scale. From north to south, Chile extends 4,270 kilometers, and yet it only averages 177 kilometers east to west. This means that the region is especially vulnerable to changes in future climate. It is not uncommon to come across roadside shrines in Chile. permanent crops: This airborne moisture condenses in the spines and leaves of the vegetation, droplets that fall to the ground and irrigate the plants' roots. [10], Chile's natural hazards include earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis. Chile’s geographical location allows the country to experience many different weather patterns and geographical structures. It is usually divided by geographers into five regions: the far north, the near north, central Chile, the south, and the far south. This strait is one of the world's important sea-lanes because it unites the Atlantic and Pacific oceans through a channel that avoids the rough open waters off Cape Horn. The numerous rivers greatly increase their flow as a result of the winter rains and the spring melting of the Andean snows, and they contract considerably in the summer. The natural hazards are attributed to Chile's location along the Ring of Fire. Physical Geography of Latin America. Chile and Japan were previously in Economic Partnership Agreements. As the country is a mix between a more developed and a less developed country. Physical Landscapes. Most of those forests were cut down to fuel the fires of the many foundries established since colonial times to exploit the abundant deposits of copper, silver, and nitrate found in the area. [13] Santiago is located in central Chile with the Mapocho River running through the city. The body of water borders Cuba. The regions run north to south and parallel to each other. It is located running down the coast of South America. The south is one of the rainiest areas in the world. Contiguous zone: the Land of Chile is seperated into three main regions; the Northern, the central, and the southern. The Virgin Andacollo is the Patron Saint of miners who heals the sick and rescues those lost in the mines. This does not include the Chilean claims to Antarctica, which overlap with Argentinian and British claims. 1.80% Non-animal foods, fruit, and vegetable exports total about $11.7 billion. [4] 100% of the urban population has some form of access to sanitation facilities, while 90.9% of rural people have these facilities available. [35] There are four climates that separate Chile. In 2008, Peru took Chile to court over their maritime disputes. Area - comparative: distribution of natural resources Upon what were the Moche, Mapuche, and Aymara societies based? Exploiting the country's water has been detrimental to the citizens and animals that rely on these sources of water. The Physical Geography of the Earthquake. In Concepción, by contrast, the average monthly temperatures are somewhat lower in the summer at 17.6 °C (63.7 °F) but higher in the winter at 9.3 °C (48.7 °F), and the amount of rain is much greater: in the summer, Concepción receives an average of 0.8 inch (20 millimeters) of rain per month; in June and July, the city is pounded by an average of 10 inches (253 mm.) In a classic book on the natural setting and people of Chile, Benjamín Subercaseaux Zañartu, a Chilean writer, describes the country's geography as loca (crazy). Evo Morales, the former president of Bolivia, has argued that Bolivia's landlocked status has made the country endure great "historical injustice". Approximate size of Chile is slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana, in other words it is 6,435 kilometers; Chile is surrounded by the neighboring countries Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, and the Pacific Ocean; Landscape . 3, pp. The original inhabitants of the region were Atacameño, an extinct Indian culture, different from the Aymara to the north and the Diaguita to the south.For much of the 19th century, the desert was the object of conflicts among Chile, Bolivia, and Peru because of its mineral resources, particularly sodium nitrate deposits located northeast of Antofagasta and inland from Iquique. Diego Ramírez Islands and Cape Horn, the southernmost points in the Americas, where the Pacific and Atlantic oceans meet, are Chilean territory. More information. 3,648,532 km2 (1,408,706 sq mi) 0.61% [40] In November 2005, Chile and China signed the China-Chile Free Trade Agreement. [36] South of Chile there is a wet climate because of the Mediterranean coastline this leading the wet season to range from May to August. Flashcards. Learn. 1,603 m3/yr (2007), Natural hazards: [42] Chile's top three exporting partners are China, the United States, and Japan. However, some rivers do manage to reach the Pacific, including the Loa River, whose U-shaped course across the desert makes it Chile's longest river. Argentina 6,691 km (4,158 mi), Bolivia 942 km (585 mi), Peru 168 km (104 mi), Maritime claims: They have grown to be the densely populated urban conurbations they are known for today. Human Geography: Home; Haiti; Chile; More; Chile's life. [20], Chile has long been in conflict with Bolivia over coastal and land sovereignty. Physical Geography ; Culture and Lifestyle ; Sources ; Size. This was signed by both of them on October 20, 1883, to keep the peace between them. This is the case with the huemul, a large deer, and the Chilean condor, the largest bird of its kind; both animals are on the national coat of arms. However, the region's main economic foundation is its great mineral wealth. About 80 percent of the land in Chile is made up of mountains of some form or other. The geography of both areas is dominated by the high Andes, which reaches altitudes close to 7000 m in Cuyo. During summer the area receives considerable rainfall in what is commonly known as the "Bolivian winter,"[1] forming shallow lakes of mostly saline waters (Salar de Llamara, Salar des Miraje, Salar de Atacama)[2] that are home to a number of bird species, including the Chilean flamingo. [41] Since 2017, Chile and Brazil have been negotiating a trade deal that's on track to be signed by the end of 2018. The inner region of Chile has a snow climate. The latter two had rich nitrate deposits. New investments during the 1980s in these industries transformed the rural economy of the region. Floor Area Ratio instigated by the state has resulted in highly dense and smaller living spaces. [3] The cities of Valparaiso and Concepcion are the next highly populated cities, in that order. Geography and Climate of Chile Because of its long, narrow profile and position adjacent to the Pacific Ocean and Andes Mountains, Chile has a unique topography and climate. The trench is about 150 km (93 mi) wide and averages about 5,000 m (16,404 ft) in depth. The pastures in the northernmost section, around Osorno, are well suited for raising cattle; milk, cheese, and butter are important products of that area. It is navigable for its entire 2,000-mile trip within Brazil. Physical Geography; People: Culture and Lifestyle; Further Reading; Sources ; Chile. Much of Chile's coastline is rugged, with surf that seems to explode against the rocks lying at the feet of high bluffs. The northern part of the country has a desert-like and arid climate, the central part has a Mediterranean-like climate, while the south has a more oceanic climate. border countries: Chile is a country located in the southwestern part of South America. The answer to this question can be found by examining the structure of the earth, and in particular the geographic configuration of the earth’s tectonic plates. There are more than 60 churches, but 16 of them are recognized as world heritage sites by UNESCO as well as national monuments in Chile. Continental shelf: In the far north, the kinds of fruits that grow well in the arid tropics thrive, and all kinds of vegetables can be grown year-round. Write. Canada: roughly half the size of Quebec Chile's allocation percentage is smaller than its neighboring countries Argentina (53.9%) and Bolivia (34.3%), but larger than Peru's (18.8%). Geography. [34], Located on the west coast of South America, Chile has a total area of 756,102 km2. [27] This ruling severely impacted fishers in the country. From north to south, Chile extends 4,270 km, and yet it only … The dispute between these two countries deals with water, as this contested land contains one of the biggest (Second largest) reserves of potable water in the world. The latter are evident mainly in the center of the country and create what is commonly called the Central Valley (Valle Central) between them and the Andes. daebaek. Atlas of the Physical and Political History of Chile (Plates, Volume 2) WDL3980.pdf 900 × 1,141, 136 pages; 10.67 MB. These factors have given Chile the highest sovereign bond rating in South America. In between Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina is where Chile is located in South America; To the west of Chile the Pacific Ocean can be found; The land in Chile is tillage and can be easily used to cultivate in. Keywords Late Miocene Middle Miocene Late Carboniferous Coastal … When compared to other countries, Chile’s physical geography is a little odd. erocks07. Between the coastal mountains and the ocean, many areas of central Chile contain stretches of land that are lower than the Central Valley and are generally quite flat. Concepción is also a coastal city that lies near the mouth of the Biobío River. The near north (Norte Chico) extends from the Copiapó River to about 32° south latitude, or just north of Santiago. As in the far north, the coastal areas of the near north have a distinct microclimate. 97.59% (2012), Irrigated land: To the East is Argentina and the Atlantic ocean and to the west is the Pacific ocean. Chile physical features Chile's territorial shape is certainly among the world's most unusual. This topography generates coastal microclimates because the fog that frequently forms over the cold ocean waters, as well as any low clouds, is trapped by the high bluffs. PLAY. La Serena is a city approximately the same size as Bergen, but since the city has only a few days of rain each year, the city relies on the melting of snow and ice in the summer to provide water resources. The decisions were accomplished on January 27, 1839 by the International Court of Justice [25] The War of the Pacific was in the years 1879-1883. The far south contains large expanses of pastures that are often used for raising sheep, even though overgrazing is an issue in some areas. The War of the Pacific was fought between Chile, Bolivia, and Peru in the late 1800s. The Amazon River system carries more water to the ocean than any other river system in the world. The Andes region is an awesome mountain barrier. total: The Humboldt Current, which originates northwest of the Antarctic Peninsula (which juts into the Bellingshausen Sea) and runs the full length of the Chilean coast, makes the water frigid. In those sections where the airborne moisture of the sea is trapped by high bluffs overlooking the ocean, temperate rain forests develop as the vegetation precipitates the vapor in the form of a misty rain. 200–350 nmi (370.4–648.2 km; 230.2–402.8 mi), Natural resources: Consumer and Industrial export products enter Chile duty-free as well. [31] Chilean agriculture includes the cultivation and trade of grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, and beans.